6 votes
Accepted

What is the point of substrate in a fish tank?

Essentially, for beginners, substrate is purely esthetic. The filtration purposes attained from a deep sand bed or whatever rocks used as a substrate isn't something imperative for the well being of ...
user avatar
  • 2,452
5 votes

What could be the impact of unwashed aquarium sand?

Most likely nothing will happen, the reason for washing the sand is to get rid of the dust (this is for the sand you buy in bags and labeled aquarium sand); this type of sand have been washed and ...
user avatar
  • 18.8k
4 votes
Accepted

How can you tell how much sand you need for an aquarium?

Depends on what you have or want to put in the tank, whether you are wanting to use this as a form of filtration, and what you think looks good. If you want to plant in the substrate you will need at ...
user avatar
  • 537
4 votes
Accepted

How can I clean the slate tile in my terrarium without damaging it?

I just wouldn't use the scouring brush, it's meant to be abrasive in order to scrub baked on food off pots and pans so it's a bit overkill in my opinion. Here is my cleaning routine for my bearded ...
user avatar
  • 15.5k
4 votes

What are good substrates for parrot cages?

Looking at the opinions of other keepers and internet consultants the safest and most recommended/used substrate for parrot cages is paper. Newspaper and white or brown butcher paper are mentioned on ...
user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Which is the better hiding place for a Kenyan Sand Boa?

You are going to want both ideally. The deep substrate is good for burrowing (which they will do) but not deep enough to cut down on the heat. I would say at least 1 hide and deeper substrate is ...
user avatar
  • 1,456
4 votes
Accepted

What could be the impact of unwashed aquarium sand?

As trond points out, the dust is the only real problem you get from non-rinsed sand. Even when I've washed sand you still get a small amount of dust because it's very difficult to remove completely. ...
user avatar
  • 5,124
3 votes
Accepted

Can Acidic Water Fish Live In Alkaline Water?

It depends on the fish and depends on the pH. Normally I would say that stability is more important than a specific parameter range and I would still stick to that. I don't think many are going to ...
user avatar
  • 3,073
3 votes

What substrate/base should I use for this small fish pond?

It is best to keep the bottom of a pond as clean as possible. You will need to do a spring clean every year to remove the waste like leaves and other stuff. Goldfish are known to dig and to eat plants,...
user avatar
  • 18.8k
3 votes
Accepted

What substrate/base should I use for this small fish pond?

Keep it bare bottom and use pots for any plants that you add to it. Unless the pond is permanent like concrete and I would still be hesitant to suggest it, using a substrate in a pond is unnecessary ...
user avatar
  • 3,073
3 votes

What substrate/base should I use for this small fish pond?

You can forget about any layers with goldfish or Koi because they will mix it. Generally plants are put in pots, often with large gravel on top to try to keep the fish from digging. The liner in the ...
user avatar
  • 1,726
3 votes
Accepted

How to use Aquarium Substrate Soil

For my first tank I also bought some kind of soil and used it as a layer in the grit. Because the producer said it was very good for the plants and I did not have any experience. Meanwhile I do not ...
user avatar
  • 326
3 votes

What turtle aquarium substrate suits for "filtration" bacteria?

Just about any type of aquarium safe gravel or sand will work for a substrate. I find the best to be smaller grain so that uneaten food and waste doesn't accumulate between the grains. I would avoid ...
user avatar
  • 3,073
3 votes

What are good substrates for parrot cages?

I have two budgies, one male, one female. Each bird has its own cage because the female tends to bully the male so I give him his own cage. See photo. I use Hagen Vision cages for my budgies. The ...
user avatar
  • 81
3 votes

What is a good substrate for a bearded dragon terrarium?

I have found ground up corn cob (dried) that I found at bimart in the bird section to be a great substrate for my bearded dragons cage. ( I have a open cage wood and chicken wire wrap so air is always ...
user avatar
  • 31
3 votes

Can crushed egg shell be used as a substrate for aquariums and terrariums?

It depends on what you want to have in your tank. If you are housing fish that need a very high pH (cichlids), then it might work. All other fish will probably suffer because the shells are either ...
user avatar
  • 352
3 votes
Accepted

Do pet garden snails need mud?

Snails need substrate to be "happy" Based on my experience. I's not strictly essential for their survival but snail will bury if they need to lay eggs and if the environment they are in is ...
user avatar
  • 138
3 votes
Accepted

Can I use this sand as bedding for chicks?

Ok, so I should update this. I searched around a bit and figured that the only valid concern was that the chicks might eat too much of the bedding and get impacted crops. However there were also ...
user avatar
  • 81
2 votes
Accepted

Is there any substrate for turtles that avoids the risks of impaction?

Realistically, there is always a risk for impaction when a substrate is present. The risk is highest when the substrate is small rocks that can fit in the turtle's mouth, however, there is an ...
user avatar
  • 2,452
2 votes

What are some safe sand sifters and residue eaters for my turtle?

There's nothing that's going to keep a turtle tank clean except water changes. Even if you introduce another animal to clean up after the turtle, that animal will subsequently produce waste which will ...
user avatar
  • 3,073
2 votes

What are good substrates for parrot cages?

Normally newspaper is what people would use but you can actually buy sandpaper like sheets from the pet store for use with parrot and small parakeet cages. They are brown and about the size of a ...
user avatar
  • 85
2 votes
Accepted

Remove fish when cleaning gravel?

Cleaning gravel can be tricky, so this is actually a good question. In short- you can leave the fish in the tank- just watch what you put in. But as far as way to clean gravel goes, here are some of ...
user avatar
  • 253
2 votes

Whats the best sand to use for my bearded dragon?

You said it. Any substrate that can be ingested, especially sand, is not safe for Bearded dragons - no matter the type, quantity, their age or size. Some commercial products, like for example Zoo Med'...
user avatar
2 votes

Can Acidic Water Fish Live In Alkaline Water?

You can orientate at the pH value recommendations for the fish you'd like to have in your aquarium. There's no strict border between acidic and alkaline liquids/water for the well-being of a fish. ...
user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

What kind of substrate is best for fancy goldfish?

Goldfish are gluttonous fish and this can definitely cause problems picking a substrate. Sand and small rocks can be dangerous if eaten, especially a lot of sand over time. I would stick with larger ...
user avatar
  • 3,017
2 votes
Accepted

Should I get my leopard gecko a substrate?

Most breeders raise geckos on tissue but it is not very aesthetic. Since the gecko comes from Pakistani countries so relatively desert environments can be reproduced using a clay substrate. There is ...
user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

What soil should I use for a dirted aquarium?

This soil contains large amounts of sphagnum peat moss, which will likely raise the acidity of your tank to a level that will restrict the plants you can grow and may adversely affect your cherry ...
user avatar
2 votes

What soil should I use for a dirted aquarium?

I made my first dirted tank a couple months ago. I used topsoil instead of potting soil because the Perlite in potting soil is allegedly a nuisance, always wanting to float at the slightest ...
user avatar
1 vote

Should I get my leopard gecko a substrate?

Honestly, I use layers of paper towels as substrate. You just have to make sure you layer them up so the undertank warmer isn’t too hot for them. It’s easy to change out and your gecko can’t ingest it....
user avatar
1 vote

Why do my aquarium plants appear like they are mummified?

If the fish and snails are healthy then the water is probably OK. The problem is with the lighting or the substrate. Are you using full spectrum light? As much like sunlight as possible? If so it may ...
user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible