Questions tagged [substrate]

Substrate is the material used at the bottom of an aquarium, terrarium, or other enclosure.

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1answer
101 views

What soil should I use for a dirted aquarium?

I am preparing to make a dirted aquarium. I have some CaribSea eco-complete substrate which I will be putting on top of a layer of soil in my 10 gallon tank. I am considering using Miracle-Gro ...
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2answers
40 views

Should I get my leopard gecko a substrate?

So, I just got a leopard gecko about 4 days ago, it's been years since I got one. I already have a good feeding schedule, he looks happy and healthy and sometimes lets me hold him. I was chatting ...
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1answer
149 views

Why do my aquarium plants appear like they are mummified?

My 20 gallon tank is 6 months old. I haven't had too many problems with it, just a few diatoms 2 months into cycling it. I added 4 Serpae tetras, a Golden algae eater, 2 shrimp and an Assassin snail ...
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1answer
95 views

What kind of substrate is best for fancy goldfish?

I read that gravel is unsuitable for fancy goldfish, as the fish will eat the pieces whole and get sick. I installed sand in my tank, but I find it very difficult to clean, as when I siphon, the hose ...
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1answer
61 views

Is medium sized gravel okay for my 40 gal turtle tank?

Could someone suggest the best substrate for my turtle tank? I'm planning to use medium sized gravel so turtles can't swallow them.
2
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1answer
344 views

How to use Aquarium Substrate Soil

I recently bough this Soil, as required dirt for aquarium (i don't know how to say in your language that desn't mix with specific kind of dirt, but the thing that root of plant live within). Here are ...
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1answer
293 views

What turtle aquarium substrate suits for “filtration” bacteria?

I would like to have better filtration and I was informed that bacteria which I add to water can live longer and grow in proper substrate. I would like to have also plants, but they have no chance to ...
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5answers
788 views

Whats the best sand to use for my bearded dragon?

I have a baby Bearded dragon that I got from some guy. He kept them on a gravel like sand which looks horrible and if the little guy did eat some he would not pass some of it through. I know I'm not ...
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3answers
1k views

What are good substrates for parrot cages?

I'm looking for a substrate to use in a parrot cage. It needs to be safe (firstly), but then also not to bad looking and easy to clean.
4
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1answer
333 views

Which is the better hiding place for a Kenyan Sand Boa?

Which would be more important, deeper substrate or a pair of caves (one on the hot side and one on the warm)?
4
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1answer
4k views

Remove fish when cleaning gravel?

How do I clean the gravel at the bottom? Stirring the bottom with gravel vac raises clouds of gunk, so I wonder if its better to remove fish while cleaning or leave them in place. I am a newbie, ...
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1answer
3k views

How can I clean the slate tile in my terrarium without damaging it?

I keep my leopard gecko on unfinished slate tile. To clean the tile I use the below reptile-safe disinfectant (image source and more info here): and a scourer or scrubbing brush: (image sources ...
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1answer
193 views

What is the point of substrate in a fish tank?

There are many different kinds of substrates available for fish tanks (i.e. sand, gravel). I've even heard some people say they don't use any substrate for some of their tanks. Is the substrate in a ...
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1answer
16k views

How can you tell how much sand you need for an aquarium?

I'm starting a new aquarium from scratch, and I'm looking to use sand as the substrate. The other tanks I've had I purchased used, so they came with gravel. Aquarium sand comes in 5-20lb bags. I'm ...
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1answer
309 views

What are some safe sand sifters and residue eaters for my turtle?

Sand sifters are animals that move the sand bed, and the latter eat remaining food matter that fell down to the substrate, keeping in mind an animal can be both. Since I'm intending to add some ...
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2answers
1k views

Can crushed egg shell be used as a substrate for aquariums and terrariums?

A recent answer stated that egg shell can be crushed and used as a calcium supplement in Do-it-yourself food. This got me relating it to crushed coral, which is commonly used as a substrate. I've ...
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1answer
3k views

Is there any substrate for turtles that avoids the risks of impaction?

I've been reading a lot about impaction in reptiles. Various articles have suggested alternatives that prevent impaction in reptiles, but they've all been about land reptiles. So far all substrate I ...
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2answers
62k views

What is a good substrate for a bearded dragon terrarium?

There are so many different types of substrate, what are the reasons to choose one type of substrate over another, or is it all just personal preference?
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1answer
2k views

What are the safe materials for an aquatic turtle aquarium?

What are safe materials for inside an aquatic turtle aquarium? I've seen plans using PVC, concrete, lumber, etc. but am concerned about chemicals.
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1answer
358 views

Is there a substrate for a Redfoot tortoise that won't retain excess moisture?

I have a South American tortoise (a Redfoot) that lives on sphagnum moss bedding. I have given some thought to switching her to a topsoil-based substrate, but I'm concerned that such a base will ...