Rabbits mark their territory using scent gland located under chin. Male rabbits, or bucks in particular, will often rub their chin on anything they consider theirs. This is referred to as chinning. Rabbits will do this to define territory boundaries. In addition, rabbits will spray their territory. Bucks and Does are both capable of spraying; however, bucks do so more frequently. This behavior is often subdued by altering the animal. Another method rabbits use to identify territory are territorial droppings. These dropping are often scattered within territorial boundaries.
Rabbits, being a prey anima,l will generally not fight larger animals who enter their territory. Some pet rabbits, especially Does, will become territorial if kept in a cage environment. Generally, the rabbit will warn intruders with grunts and thumps. Thumps are used to warn other rabbits of nearby danger. Sometimes, rabbits will cower, charge, scratch and or bite when felt threatened. If these behavioral traits are noticeable, it is wise to approach your rabbit from the side rather than the top, since this can be considered threatening. Altering the animal can cut down on territorial aggression caused by hormones. Additionally, making each encounter with the rabbit enjoyable by petting or hand-feeding can calm uneasy feelings toward the handler.
References can be provided. However, I have 10 years experience raising and breeding Netherland Dwarves, which is a particularly territorial rabbit breed.