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Do fully automated fish tanks exists or are possible DIY with Automated Water Change from running tap water, like a toilet flush such that I can replenish half the water on one button push.

This will surely help in maintaining fresh water for the fish in residential places where the exposed surface area of fish tank is less and more fishes are crammed in a small aquarium.

Ideally the wasted water could go for a toilet flush to conserve water.

  • Google finds a bunch of hits for DIY options... Not sure that there's a lot of value in listing them here as a result. – John Cavan May 17 '14 at 21:19
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You won't find anything that does this off the shelf at your local pet shop. It's possible to build it if you're an experienced plumber, but the short version is don't bother, just get a big canister filter instead.

First, bear in mind that no amount of water changes will compensate for all the problems of overstocking: it won't increase the amount of swimming room or available territory in the tank, for example. If the water's surface area is too small to efficiently oxygenate the full tank, add an air stone or power head to increase the top-to-bottom mixing. So plumbing your tank into your water line to deal with water quality would be getting ahead of yourself if you have too many animals in the tank and no real water movement.

As to how you'd do that though, you don't want to go straight from tap to tank. Tap water is generally disinfected with chlorine or chloramine, and without chemical treatment this is toxic to fish. On top of that, the temperature of the water also needs to be matched to the temperature in the tank unless you can guarantee that it'll always be within a few degrees of your tank water, even after sitting in the pipes for hours on an extremely hot or cold day.

This means you'd need an external reservoir with more than enough capacity to do your entire water change at once; temperature control and some other life support equipment in the reservoir to keep it tank-ready; a way to pump or drain the reservoir into the main tank; and a way to either drain or collect overflow from the tank as it fills. If you literally want buttons to push, you're bringing in electrical components which makes things even more complicated. All of this would need to be custom-installed in place by someone with plumbing experience, and would basically be as permanent a fixture as a toilet or a hot water heater.

In my opinion, the risk and cost are not worth the benefit. DIYing this kind of project takes significant effort and expense to build: for a small tank like you describe, the parts alone would easily run double or triple the cost of the bare system. It would not reduce the amount of maintenance you need to do by nearly as much as you might hope, because the reservoir and all the additional plumbing will have their own maintenance needs. And most importantly it adds a frightening number of components that can fail, most of which would cause a large flood and/or or total loss of everything in the system when it happens.

If you just want to add more biological filtration, a more reasonable option would be an oversized canister filter or a sump. These are cost-effective, reliable solutions that improve water quality and simplify maintenance. They're also solved problems: canister filters are off-the-shelf purchases, and while most sump designs are a little more advanced, there's no shortage of plans available on the internet and none of them are as high-risk as modifying your house's main water line.

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  • agreed +1. I saw one really impressive home based setup. However, this guy was way beyond a fish enthusiast. He must have had thousands of gallons of tanks in his house. He had purchased pumps, filters, and distribution equipment from pet stores that closed. – Keltari May 18 '14 at 18:01
  • If your tap water is not chlorinated (mine isn't) then you don't need to dechlorinate. You also don't need to preheat the water. The flow rate required is so tiny your in tank water heater will hardly even notice it. You want to set your flow rate initially to replace your current water change. So if you do a 20% water change once a week then you need to make the flow rate such it adds 20% of your tank volume a week. Which as I already said is a tiny amount of water. This rate is dripping not flowing unless you have a really massive tank. – trampster May 11 '17 at 4:14
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Any type of auto water change setup I have seen has been plumbed to your homes piping. It's usually pretty custom.

You can change water daily using dosing pumps, which is what I have typically seen with auto water changing systems. Freshwater systems are going to be easier to automate because you do not have to be concerned about salt mixing and RODI water. Most auto water changing systems I have seen have been with reef tanks.

There are tanks these days that do have the ability to drain your water with a leverage, which is half of the process. Fluval is the company that starting selling all in tanks using this drain feature.

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