I ask here the opposite of this question.
My dog is at home. A few minutes before I arrive home by car, he gets excited that I arrive (I know because the parents tell me so).
He keeps his excitement all the time, while I park the car, and enter the door - when he greets me personally.
Smell, noise and other "standard" senses should be pretty much useless. The distance is too big, and the interferences too strong.
This might be related to the question: how do animals sense danger (e.g. earthquakes, storms...)?
However, in these cases there are vibrations or sounds in the ground (transmitted through the building walls) or specific changes in air pressure.
Humans are too insensitive to feel these, but animals are not.
Schematic of the area:
- red line: my path with car (on normal streets);
- cyan areas: buildings taller or much taller than the car;
- purple square: wild estimation where I am when the dog starts to be excited;
- the green-ish stuff - lots of vegetation: tall bushes, trees, tall trees...
- in the anonymized white area there are also tall buildings and vegetation;