If you cannot find a professional organization that helps feral animals, there is really not much you can do, but much you can do wrong!
Things you can do
- You can offer a container with clean water
- You can offer old towels or bedclothes to make a soft bed to sleep on. Keep in mind to not attract too many animals to your house (see below).
- Talk about them in a positive way. If you say "these cats are suffering, we should help them." some people might think that killing them is the easiest way to end their suffering. If you say "These cats live with us in harmony and keep rats away from our homes. We should help them" it sounds more positive and might convince people to help. Maybe "they are the creation of Allah" works well in your case?
- You can buy anti tick collars for animals. These are not very expensive but keep parasites like ticks and sometimes even fleas away from the animal. Be aware that you must never put a tick collar for dogs on a cat! The chemicals in the collar for dogs are toxic to cats. A collar for a cat should be a little bit elastic so the cat doesn't get cought on the collar.
- Support local animal aid organizations. The best solution for feral animals is to neuter them so they cannot produce offspring. As a single person you don't have the money to neuter a lot of animals, but these organizations do and know the best veterinarians for the job.
Things you should NOT do
You should not offer food in large quantities to feral animals.
- Attracting a whole pack of feral dogs can become a physical danger to you and your neighbors.
- Animals that are fed regularily produce more offspring. You think you help them, but in the end there are just more and more feral animals.
- You make animals dependant on you. If you cannot feed them anymore or you move to another city, these animals will suffer even more because they relied on you for food.
You should not invite feral animals into your home. The same reasons as above apply. But additionally, a feral animal is not used to going into a house. If you invite it into your home, it learns that there is food and shelter in houses. If the same animal later walks into another house, it will be beaten or killed.
Be extremely carefull if you want to help an injured animal. Get yourself vaccinated against rabies and similar diseases. Wear thick protective gloves when you try to touch an injured animal or hold it down to be treated. If the animal bites or scratches you, clean the wound with alcohol or iodine.
Never buy an animal out of pity! In many countries young cats and dogs are bred to make money. It's the same problem as with feeding animals: you think you help them, but the more you buy, the more they are bred (intentionally). You don't help anyone, there are just more and more feral animals.
Don't take baby dogs or kittens home! The mother needs to find food for herself and this can take hours, but she will return to her offspring.
In many countries like Greece, Italy and even USA animals are killed in shelters because there are too many of them. I don't know if there are animal shelters in Iraq, but giving them money might not help a single animal. If you want to give money, give it to animal aid organizations.
Don't forget to wash your hands after touching feral animals. They often have fungi or parasites and some of those can infect humans as well.