You have a good reason to be concerned about deafness in your cat, according to International Cat Care, white cats with one blue eye have about 30-40% chance to have some amount of deafness.
In cats, inherited congenital (present from birth) deafness is seen
almost exclusively in white coated individuals. The deafness is caused
by degeneration of the auditory apparatus of the inner ear and may
affect one ear (unilateral) or both ears (bilateral).
Dr. George Strain wrote on the subject on determining if an animal is deaf:
Behavioral testing has limited value; animal responses rapidly adapt
even when hearing is present, stressed animals with intact hearing may
fail to respond, and unilateral deafness cannot be detected. In
unilaterally deaf animals, the only behavioral sign of deafness is a
difficulty in localizing the source of a sound, and many animals adapt
to that also.
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice - Special
Issue: Pediatrics - July, 1999. "Congenital Deafness and Its Recognition"
George M. Strain, PhD
So, in other words, if you clap your hands and your cat looks around for the source of the sound instead of directly at you, then your cat may be unilaterally deaf. If the cat knows that you're the source of the sound (you're the only human in the room) then the cat will look at you anyway, and you won't know if that's because she can tell where the sound is coming from or if she's smart!
One way to be absolutely sure is to have a specialist perform a BAER test.
the BAER can be defined as the electrical response of the brain to a series of auditory stimuli.
The Animal Health Trust's page gives several examples and pictures of dogs and cats undergoing this test. This test is also performed on infants, since it does not require the subject's cooperation.