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Betta Tail

Does my fish have fin rot or is the tail simply torn?

I got him a few days ago and his fins were a bit like this, I'm unsure if it's gotten worse. He is in a cycled 16L tank with a filter, heater, gravel, live plants, driftwood, and a fake hollow log. His tank is the Blue Plant 16L kit which a quick Google search will give you specs.

He is alone, apart from a few bladder snails that I got with the plants, and I've been picking them out as I see them. Haven't seen any in a little while.

Just did a liquid test and ammonia is around 0-0.25ppm maybe? I have bad lighting, it's hard to tell in the evenings. I've dosed Prime and Stresscoat API and I'll do a water change tomorrow.

He is very active, happy, curious, and eats well. Doesn't act sick at all, but I want to make sure he won't go downhill. His ventral fins are also kind of curled at the ends.

What are your thoughts on what that is?

P.S. The gravel is quite large and not the smoothest, and his hollow fake log does have some rough bits.

  • to me your fish looks fine,no sign of finrot and i do belive the fin is suposed to look like that(i have compared the picture to the pictures in my aquarium books).when it comes to the amonia i sugest you stop the feeding for two days and test the water again.it is nice to see you have cycled your tank properly and are trying to do your best,after adding the fish your tank needs to find the new balance and this only takes a short time. – trond hansen Nov 3 '17 at 9:50
  • I suspect he was not separated from the other young fish soon enough. They start fighting and nipping fins before the sexes can be identified and separated ( to raise the males in isolation). – blacksmith37 Nov 4 '17 at 1:08
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Answer: It's not easy to say

In my experience it's difficult to conclusively say whether fin rot is involved or not. It is, of course, possible that your fish ripped its fin on something in the tank but you would expect a single rip as opposed to multiple missing curves. My catfish occasionally rip their tails on the wood in the tank but this is normally a few long rips up the length of the tail and these heal up pretty quickly.

Fin rot can be encouraged by a rip in the fin so it may have started as a single rip and fin rot has started to eat away at the fin. As with most fish illnesses, the potential for disease is almost always in your tank's water but when they strike it can be a pointer to other problems like poor water quality, fish stress or other contributing factors. A healthy fish in a healthy tank should be able to fight off fin rot before it can take hold.

It is possible that the gravel could have ripped the fins but the fish would have limited, forceful contact with the gravel unless it had something like Ich and was trying to scratch.

Tail nipping can also look a bit like fin rot. However, as you said you've got no other fish in the tank, I won't pursue this option.

All is not lost!

There's two things to say here:

  1. In a clean, healthy tank environment, a fish can grow a nice rounded tail fin back. I've had personal experience where I inherited a bashed up Gourami who's tail has completely recovered from being ragged.
  2. You've caught it relatively early, so you have much less raggedness to treat.

In terms of treatment, depending on your locality, you may be able to get over the counter antibiotics for this kind of thing. You can also try aquarium salt which can help to treat the problem.

In my experience, you can get very good results just by ensuring that the water quality is excellent. No Ammonia, Nitrite, no Nitrates over about 30ppm and regular water changes. This will also help to stop the fish having other problems in the future with similar illnesses. Providing good quality water will not stress the fish out as much as the change in water parameters due to medicines might. In some cases, just leaving the fish to heal on it's own can be the most effective solution but you must be sure that your tank parameters are up to scratch or the disease will take hold.

Keep a good watch on the fin (perhaps photograph it each day so you can see the change) and if it worsens, you could take more aggressive treatment actions.

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There is no need to worry. If your betta was injured or had fin rot it is in the process of healing. The white finnage is a actually new tissue growing so it's healthy.

-1

Betta fin tissue usually heals easily on its own. If you're keeping your betta in a vase or a fish bowl with no filter, you should already be on a weekly water changing schedule.

  • bettas have the same need for space as other fish so a vase or fishbowl is too small.get a real fish tank with filter/light and a heater. – trond hansen Dec 3 '18 at 5:43

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