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I currently have a Green Tree Python that is about 3 feet long and still has the yellow juvenile colors. The cage is kept at about 55-60% humidity and a temperature of about 85° F. The snake's cloaca vent is currently swollen although there is no prolapse protruding from the vent. The snake acts perfectly fine. Although I have experience with prolapsing, I have never seen anything like this before. The cloaca looks perfectly normal (normal coloring, nothing protruding, etc). It is just swollen.

I feed the snake, in my opinion, undersized hopper mice. The swelling has been there for a couple of days after I have fed it.

I apologize for the lack of pictures. I know it's difficult to make a judgement without pictures; however, I hope you understand due to the not so friendly nature of the snake.

EDIT: I know it's very difficult to see but here is a picture. The opening is the all black marking on her underside. The black is part of the natural coloring for the snake. The swelling is difficult to tell from the picture though. Cloaca opening

  • when my snakes swell down their it usually means they are about to defecate. Sometimes my female ball will swell like a day or two before she actually does defecate. By the picture it doesnt seem like it is an insane size but it is (no offense) a really poor picture. If you are worried about parasites/prolapse or just to check up you can take to an exotics vet, which i see you have done. – Ian Feb 10 '17 at 16:13
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I have taken the snake to a professional. Although the swelling was severe there was nothing protruding from the vent that would indicate a prolapse. Also there was no bloody stool on other bacterial signs that would indicate cloacitis.

The vet claimed it is common for snakes to have, in broad terms, constipation. Soaking the snake in lukewarm water every other day helped the swelling. Whereas feeding smaller meals would prevent the issue in the future.

After massaging the area and soaking the snake the swelling is gone. I also downsized the mice and feed less frequently for the time being to prevent the swelling again.

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